AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY
Agriculture is an important contributor to Ghana’s export earnings, and a major source of inputs for the manufacturing sector. It is also a major source of income for a majority of the rural population, but we have seen a recent reduction in growth in agriculture, which needs to be reversed through appropriate policies and increased investments.
At RSN, we see Agriculture, particularly Cocoa farming as an Engine of Growth, Jobs Creation and Food Security (crop farming) for the country at large. RSN examines the agricultural sector’s potential to be one of the leading sectors for a more diversified economy and how the sector could be transformed to be an engine of growth and job creation which will ensure food security. Our programs are aimed at the use of less complex and cost effective technology and investment in irrigation infrastructures to increase productivity and mitigate the potential adverse effects of climate change on rural farmers.
NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Natural resource management issues have attracted increasing attention in recent decades, particularly in Africa, partly in response to a sequence of crises in energy, food, water, and other resources. Effective governance and management of resources have always been important, but have become increasingly challenging in the face of changing climate, livelihoods, and market pressures.
Many African countries have compromised their natural resource base for the sake of development, and are consequently facing various environmental challenges. The pressure on natural resources has potentially been aggravated by the development of infrastructure, advancement in extraction techniques, and expanding product markets that enlarge extraction opportunities for concession holders as well as local populations. Under such circumstances, the quality of land, water, and forest is threatened, and the regenerating capacity of resources is hardly guaranteed. These are evidenced in rural areas where most of these natural resources are located.
Tsustainable livelihoods is an effort by RSN to conceptualise livelihoods in a holistic way, capturing the many complexities of livelihoods, and the constraints and opportunities that they are subjected to. These constraints and opportunities are shaped by numerous factors, ranging from global or national level trends and structures over which individuals have no control, and may not even be aware of, to more local norms and institutions and, finally, the assets to which the households or individual has direct access.
The sustainable livelihoods approach improves the understanding of the livelihoods of the poor by organizing the factors that constrain or enhance livelihood opportunities, and shows how they relate. RSN plan development activities and assess the contribution that existing activities have made to sustaining livelihoods in rural areas